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what is Data Governance

Data governance is a framework that defines how organizations manage, secure, utilize, and ensure the quality and integrity of their data assets. It encompasses the policies, procedures, standards, and controls that govern the collection, storage, processing, and sharing of data within an organization.

Key components of data governance include:

  1. Data Policies and Standards: Data governance involves establishing policies and standards that define how data should be managed and used within the organization. This includes guidelines for data collection, storage, access, sharing, and retention.

  1. Data Stewardship: Data governance assigns responsibility for data management to specific individuals or teams within the organization, known as data stewards. Data stewards are responsible for ensuring that data is handled in accordance with organizational policies and standards.

  1. Data Quality Management: Data governance includes processes and procedures for monitoring and improving the quality of data. This may involve data profiling, cleansing, validation, and enrichment to ensure that data is accurate, complete, and consistent.

  1. Data Security and Privacy: Data governance addresses data security and privacy concerns by implementing controls and safeguards to protect sensitive information from unauthorized access, disclosure, or misuse. This may include encryption, access controls, data masking, and compliance with regulations such as GDPR and HIPAA.

  1. Data Lifecycle Management: Data governance defines the lifecycle of data within the organization, from creation and capture to archival or deletion. It includes processes for managing data throughout its lifecycle, including data retention, archival, and disposal.

  1. Data Compliance and Risk Management: Data governance ensures compliance with regulatory requirements, industry standards, and internal policies related to data management and privacy. It also addresses data-related risks and vulnerabilities, such as data breaches, data loss, and regulatory non-compliance.

  1. Data Access and Authorization: Data governance defines rules and procedures for granting and managing access to data assets based on the principle of least privilege. It includes mechanisms for authentication, authorization, and audit logging to track and monitor data access activities.

  1. Data Governance Framework and Governance Council: Data governance typically operates within a structured framework that defines its objectives, roles, responsibilities, and processes. It may also involve the establishment of a governance council or committee to oversee and guide data governance initiatives within the organization.

Overall, data governance is essential for ensuring that data is managed effectively, securely, and in compliance with regulatory requirements and organizational policies. By establishing clear rules, responsibilities, and processes for data management, organizations can maximize the value of their data assets while minimizing risks and ensuring trust and integrity in their data.

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